Uses ciprofloxacin

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    Uses ciprofloxacin


    Mild/moderate: 500 mg PO q12hr or 400 mg IV q12hr for 7-14 days Severe/complicated: 750 mg PO q12hr or 400 mg IV q8hr for 7-14 days Limitations-of-use: Reserve fluoroquinolones for patients who do not have other available treatment options for acute bacterial exacerbation of chronic bronchitis Acute uncomplicated: Immediate-release, 250 mg PO q12hr for 3 days; extended-release, 500 mg PO q24hr for 3 days Mild/moderate: 250 mg PO q12hr or 200 mg IV q12hr for 7-14 days Severe/complicated: 500 mg PO q12hr or 400 mg IV q12hr for 7-14 days Limitations-of-use: Reserve fluoroquinolones for patients who do not have other available treatment options for uncomplicated urinary tract infections Dry powder for inhalation: Orphan designation for patients with NCFB who suffer from frequent severe acute pulmonary bacterial exacerbations which lead to further inflammation, airway, and lung parenchyma damage Indication for treatment and prophylaxis of plague due to Yersinia pestis in pediatric patients from birth to 17 years of age 15 mg/kg PO q8-12hr x10-21 days; not to exceed 500 mg/dose, OR 10 mg/kg IV q8-12hr x 10-21 days; not to exceed 400 mg/dose Postexposure therapy IV: 10 mg/kg q12hr for 60 days; individual dose not to exceed 400 mg PO: 15 mg/kg q12hr for 60 days; individual dose not to exceed 500 mg Change antibiotic to amoxicillin as soon as penicillin susceptibility confirmed Nausea (3%) Abdominal pain (2%) Diarrhea (2% adults; 5% children) Increased aminotransferase levels (2%) Vomiting (1% adults; 5% children) Headache (1%) Increased serum creatinine (1%) Rash (2%) Restlessness (1%) Acidosis Allergic reaction Angina pectoris Anorexia Arthralgia Ataxia Back pain Bad taste Blurred vision Breast pain Bronchospasm Diplopia Dizziness Drowsiness Dysphagia Dyspnea Flushing Foot pain Hallucinations Hiccups Hypertension Hypotension Insomnia Irritability Joint stiffness Lethargy Migraine Nephritis Nightmares Oral candidiasis Palpitation Photosensitivity Polyuria Syncope Tachycardia Tinnitus Tremor Urinary retention Vaginitis Acute generalized exanthematous pustulosis (AGEP), erythema multiforme, exfoliative dermatitis, fixed eruption, photosensitivity/phototoxicity reaction Agitation, confusion, delirium Agranulocytosis, albuminuria, serum cholesterol and TG elevations, blood glucose disturbances, hemolytic anemia, marrow depression (life threatening), pancytopenia (life threatening or fatal outcome), potassium elevation (serum) Anaphylactic reactions (including life-threatening anaphylactic shock), serum sickness like reaction, Stevens-Johnson syndrome Anosmia, hypesthesia Constipation, dyspepsia, dysphagia, flatulence, hepatic failure (including fatal cases), hepatic necrosis, jaundice, pancreatitis Hypertonia, hypotension (postural), increased INR (in patients treated with Vitamin K antagonists), QT prolongation, torsade de pointes, ventricular arrhythmia Methemoglobinemia Myasthenia, exacerbation of myasthenia gravis, myoclonus, nystagmus, peripheral neuropathy that may be irreversible, phenytoin alteration (serum), polyneuropathy, psychosis Myalgia, tendinitis, tendon rupture, toxic epidermal necrolysis (Lyell’s Syndrome), twitching Infections: Candiduria, vaginal candidiasis, moniliasis (oral, gastrointestinal, vaginal), pseudomembranous colitis Renal calculi Vasculitis Because the risk of these serious side effects generally outweighs the benefits for patients with acute bacterial sinusitis, acute exacerbation of chronic bronchitis, and uncomplicated UTIs, that fluoroquinolones should be reserved for use in patients with these conditions who have no alternative treatment options Use in pregnancy, though generally contraindicated for all quinolones, is allowed for life-threatening situations; limited data from use of ciprofloxacin in pregnancy show no higher rate of birth defects than background Do not use oral suspension in nasogastric tube; to prepare, add microcapsules to diluent Commonly seen adverse reactions include tendinitis, tendon rupture, arthralgia, myalgia, peripheral neuropathy, and central nervous system effects (hallucinations, anxiety, depression, insomnia, severe headaches, and confusion); these reactions can occur within hours to weeks after starting therapy, including in patients of any age or without pre-existing risk factors; discontinue therapy immediately at first signs or symptoms of any serious adverse reaction; in addition, avoid use of fluoroquinolones, in patients who have experienced any serious adverse reactions associated with fluoroquinolones (see Black Box Warnings) Peripheral neuropathy: sensory or sensorimotor axonal polyneuropathy affecting small and/or large axons resulting in paresthesias, hypoesthesias, dysesthesias, and weakness reported; peripheral neuropathy may occur rapidly after initiating and may potentially become permanent In prolonged therapy, perform periodic evaluations of organ system functions (eg, renal, hepatic, hematopoietic); adjust dose in renal impairment; superinfections may occur with prolonged or repeated antibiotic therapy; discontinue use immediately if signs and symptoms of hepatitis occur Not first drug of choice in pediatrics (except in anthrax), because of increased incidence of adverse events in comparison with control subjects, including arthropathy; no data exist on dosing for pediatric patients with renal impairment (ie, Cr Cl Distributed widely throughout body; tissue concentrations often exceed serum concentrations, especially in kidneys, gallbladder, liver, lungs, gynecologic tissue, and prostatic tissue; cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) concentration is 10% in noninflamed meninges and 14-37% in inflamed meninges; crosses placenta; enters breast milk Protein bound: 20-40% Vd: 2.1-2.7 L/kg Additive: Aminophylline, amoxicillin, amoxicillin-clavulanate, amphotericin, ampicillin-sulbactam, ceftazidime, cefuroxime, clindamycin, floxacillin, heparin, piperacillin, sodium bicarbonate, ticarcillin Y-site: Aminophylline, ampicillin-sulbactam, azithromycin, cefepime, dexamethasone sodium phosphate, furosemide, heparin, hydrocortisone sodium succinate, magnesium sulfate(? ), methylprednisolone sodium succinate, phenytoin, potassium phosphates, propofol, sodium bicarbonate(? ), sodium phosphates, total parenteral nutrition formulations, warfarin Solution: Compatible with most IV fluids Additive: Amikacin, aztreonam, dobutamine, dopamine, fluconazole, gentamicin, lidocaine, linezolid, metronidazole (ready-to-use form is compatible; hydrochloride form in vial is incompatible), midazolam, potassium chloride, tobramycin Y-site: Amiodarone, calcium gluconate, clarithromycin, digoxin, diphenhydramine, dobutamine, dopamine, linezolid, lorazepam, midazolam, promethazine, quinupristin/dalfopristin, tacrolimus The above information is provided for general informational and educational purposes only. Individual plans may vary and formulary information changes. Contact the applicable plan provider for the most current information. Also, it is best to take the doses at evenly spaced times, day and night. To help keep the amount constant, do not miss any doses. This medicine works best when there is a constant amount in the blood or urine. For example, if you are to take one dose a day, try to take it at the same time each day. Shake the oral liquid for at least 15 seconds just before each use. If you need to take this medicine for anthrax infection, your doctor will want you to begin using it as soon as possible after you are exposed to anthrax. The oral liquid has small microcapsules floating in it. These microcapsules may look like bubbles or small beads. Do not chew the microcapsules when you take the oral liquid.

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    Ciprofloxacin ist ein synthetisches Antibiotikum und Chemotherapeutikum mit breitem. Peggy Rahbany, Souhaila Al-Natour Evaluation of the appropriate use of commonly prescribed fluoroquinolones and the risk of dysglycemia. CIPRO prescription and dosage sizes information for physicians and healthcare professionals. Pharmacology, adverse reactions, warnings and side effects. Uses. This medication is used to treat a variety of bacterial infections. Ciprofloxacin belongs to a class of drugs called quinolone works by stopping the growth of bacteria. This.

    Ciprofloxacin is a fluoroquinolone (flor-o-KWIN-o-lone) antibiotic that fights bacteria in the body. It is used to treat different types of bacterial infections, including skin infections, bone and joint infections, respiratory or sinus infections, urinary tract infections, and certain types of diarrhea. Ciprofloxacin is also used to treat people who have been exposed to anthrax or certain types of plague. Ciprofloxacin should be used only for infections that cannot be treated with a safer antibiotic. Fluoroquinolone antibiotics can cause serious or disabling side effects that may not be reversible, such as tendon rupture or nerve problems. Ciprofloxacin can cause serious side effects, including tendon problems, nerve damage, serious mood or behavior changes, or low blood sugar. Stop using this medicine and call your doctor at once if you have symptoms such as: headache, hunger, irritability, numbness, tingling, burning pain, confusion, agitation, paranoia, problems with memory or concentration, thoughts of suicide, or sudden pain or movement problems in any of your joints. In rare cases, ciprofloxacin may cause damage to your aorta, which could lead to dangerous bleeding or death. Ciprofloxacin is used to treat bacterial infections in many different parts of the body. Ciprofloxacin oral liquid and tablets are also used to treat anthrax infection after inhalational exposure. This medicine is also used to treat and prevent plague (including pneumonic and septicemic plague). Ciprofloxacin may mask or delay the symptoms of syphilis. Ciprofloxacin extended-release tablets are only used to treat urinary tract infections, including acute uncomplicated pyelonephritis. Proquin® XR tablets are only used to treat uncomplicated or simple urinary tract infections (acute cystitis). Ciprofloxacin belongs to the class of drugs known as quinolone antibiotics. It works by killing bacteria or preventing their growth.

    Uses ciprofloxacin

    Ciprofloxacin Oral Uses, Side Effects, Interactions, Pictures - WebMD, CIPRO Dosage & Rx Info Uses, Side Effects -

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  5. Mar 28, 2018. Ciprofloxacin - Get up-to-date information on Ciprofloxacin side effects, uses, dosage, overdose, pregnancy, alcohol and more. Learn more.

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    • Ciprofloxacin Oral Uses, Side Effects, Interactions..
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    Ciprofloxacin is used to treat a wide variety of infections. For certain uses including acute sinusitis, lower respiratory tract. Apr 19, 2018. Ciprofloxacin 500 MG Tablet is an antibiotic that is used to treat a variety of bacterial infections such as bronchitis, pneumonia, gonococcal. Brand and Other NamesCipro, Cipro XR, more. Dosing & Uses. Limitations-of-use Reserve fluoroquinolones for patients who do not have other available.

     
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