Tell your doctor and pharmacist about all of your drugs (prescription or OTC, natural products, vitamins) and health problems. You must check to make sure that it is safe for you to take chloroquine with all of your drugs and health problems. Does plaquenil cause high blood sugar Literature review of chloroquine syrup Aao 2016 plaquenil Hydroxychloroquine hemodialysis Chloroquine binds to heme or FP to form the FP-chloroquine complex; this complex is highly toxic to the cell and disrupts membrane function. Action of the toxic FP-chloroquine and FP results in cell lysis and ultimately parasite cell autodigestion. In essence, the parasite cell drowns in its own metabolic products. A severe eye problem has happened with chloroquine. This may lead to lasting eyesight problems. The risk may be higher if you have some types of eye or kidney problems. The risk may also be higher with some doses of chloroquine, if you use chloroquine for longer than 5 years, or if you take certain other drugs like tamoxifen. Chloroquine phosphate is a 4-aminoquinolone that acts by inhibiting heme polymerase. 198 Chloroquine is well tolerated and in appropriate doses may be safely used by young children and pregnant women. 199 Transient nausea or vomiting is seen in a small proportion of individuals and may usually be reduced by taking the drug with food. For all uses of chloroquine: WARNING/CAUTION: Even though it may be rare, some people may have very bad and sometimes deadly side effects when taking a drug. Do not start, stop, or change the dose of any drug without checking with your doctor. Chloroquine phosphate mechanism of action Chloroquine mechanism of drug action and resistance in., Chloroquine Indications, Side Effects, Warnings - Chloroquine and pancreatic cancerPlaquenil and parkinsonsMetoprolol and plaquenil interactionPlaquenil side effects tiredSafe dosage of plaquenil Chloroquine inhibits the action of heme polymerase, which causes the buildup of toxic heme in Plasmodium species. 11 It has a long duration of action as the half life is 20-60 days. 10 Patients should be counselled regarding the risk of retinopathy with long term usage or high dosage, muscle weakness, and toxicity in children. 18 Chloroquine - DrugBank. Chloroquine - an overview ScienceDirect Topics. CHLOROQUINE PHOSPHATE, USP. Action of chloroquine phosphate in rheumatoid arthritis. II. Chromosome damaging effect. Chloroquine has a long half-life, which can vary between 74 hours and 50 days, depending on the cumulative dose. The drug can remain in the skin for 6–7 months after the cessation of therapy. Chloroquine dosing. Chloroquine phosphate is dispensed as a 250 mg tablet, which is equivalent to 155 mg chloroquine base. Chloroquine Phosphate. Chloroquine is used to prevent or treat malaria caused by mosquito bites in countries where malaria is common. Malaria parasites can enter the body through these mosquito bites, and then live in body tissues such as red blood cells or the liver.